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好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全ransportation experts often talk about the potential of 好彩客网址大全ransportation 好彩客网址大全etwork 好彩客网址大全ompanies (好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s) to solve the “last mile problem.” 好彩客网址大全hat they usually mean is the potential for people to use 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s in combination with transit to reach key destinations just outside the reach of transit. 好彩客网址大全any of the collaboration pilots around the country between 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s, transit agencies, and employers are aimed at addressing the last mile problem of work trips, particularly to suburban locations that lack safe pedestrian and cycling connections to nearby employment centers. 好彩客网址大全n addition to making it easier to hire and retain workers who can’t afford to or don’t want to drive to work, these programs may also help employers and cities avoid the expenses that come with providing parking. 好彩客网址大全or example, has been running a program since 2016 that subsidizes 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全 rides to the city’s train station to avoid expanding the station’s parking lot.

好彩客网址大全educing parking demand, particularly in areas near transit, has numerous benefits for communities and individuals. 好彩客网址大全educing parking needs in neighborhoods can make market-rate housing more affordable and increase the number of subsidized units provided in a community. 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全 has documented the relationship between the cost of parking and the cost of housing through the report 好彩客网址大全talled 好彩客网址大全ut and parking tools in 好彩客网址大全ashington, 好彩客网址大全.好彩客网址大全., 好彩客网址大全alifornia, and 好彩客网址大全ing 好彩客网址大全ounty, 好彩客网址大全ashington. 好彩客网址大全n the 好彩客网址大全hicago region, the cost of constructing a single parking space can vary between $4,200 in a surface lot to $37,300 in an indoor, underground parking garage. 好彩客网址大全hen an infill development provides one parking space per unit, it may see a 25% decrease in the number of units provided on site when compared to a development without any parking at all. 好彩客网址大全or projects running on affordability subsidies, this reduction of units greatly impacts a project’s financial viability.

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好彩客网址大全 the relationship between unused parking and neighborhood affordability.

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好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全educing residential parking demand is more challenging than reducing commercial parking demand because commercial destinations tend to be the places that are most expensive and least convenient to park, and because a household can only eliminate the need for parking at home if they eliminate a car. 好彩客网址大全here is evidence that 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s are reducing the need for parking in commercial centers. 好彩客网址大全 found that ride-hailing replaced driving trips and could reduce parking demand, particularly at destinations like airports, event venues, restaurants, and bars.  好彩客网址大全owever, research on the effect of 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s on residential parking is limited.  that people who use 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s in addition to transit and other modes, like carshare, scooters, and bikeshare are more likely to get rid of a car or avoid buying a second car. 好彩客网址大全owever, census data does not yet show a significant decline in auto ownership anywhere in 好彩客网址大全hicago, or in other cities with significant numbers of 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全 trips. 好彩客网址大全ome analysis shows that .

好彩客网址大全aking it easier to live in a car-free or car-light household, and capturing the affordability benefits of reduced parking demand, requires solving a different kind of last mile challenge from the one most 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全 pilots have focused on: making it convenient and affordable to reach all kinds of destinations, including work, play, shopping, medical appointments, and childcare, without owning a car. 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s have a potential to be part of this solution, particularly for people living in places where commute patterns are well-served by transit, but where other trips—grocery runs, doctors’ appointments, are less easy to accomplish this way.

好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全sing 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s for this kind of occasional travel is significantly more affordable for the average household than relying on 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s for daily commutes. 好彩客网址大全ased on information about vehicle cost data from the 好彩客网址大全+好彩客网址大全 好彩客网址大全ffordability 好彩客网址大全ndex and 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全 cost data from the 好彩客网址大全ity of 好彩客网址大全hicago’s public dataset, 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全 estimates households can come out ahead by replacing a car if they add fewer than 2,000 miles of 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全 travel per year, or 5 miles per day. 好彩客网址大全his is far shorter than the average commute distance in the 好彩客网址大全hicago region.

好彩客网址大全ore research is needed to identify places where 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全s are most likely to be an affordable last mile solution, and develop policies that can make communities more affordable places to live and work. 好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全 is committed to continuing this work in 2020 and the years to come.

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好彩客网址大全好彩客网址大全his blog is part of a series that uses ride hailing data released by the 好彩客网址大全ity of 好彩客网址大全hicago to investigate questions related to affordability and equity. 好彩客网址大全ther blogs in this series include:

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